Timeline of Printing and Typography
Technological advances have led to innovations in printing and typography. We can break the history of type into eras based on technology: pre-press (pre-Gutenberg); hard-metal reusable types (Gutenberg-style printing); hot-lead machine type (Linotype and Monotype); and the digital era (phototype to on-screen type). Today, we read screens — and the typography is purely digital.
A typeface is an overall design of letters, while a font is the face at a given size.
The history of printing and typography is taught from a Eurocentric perspective, even though printing and movable type first emerged in Asia-Pacific regions.
Carter, Sebastian. Twentieth Century Type Designers. New ed., London: Lund Humphries Publishers, 1995. ISBN: 0853316589
Clair, Kate. A Typographic Workbook: A Primer to History, Techniques, and Artistry. New York: Wiley, 1999. ISBN: 0471292370 (alk. paper)
Coles, Stephen. The Anatomy of Type: A Graphic Guide to 100 Typefaces. New York: Harper Design, 2012. ISBN: 9780062203120 0062203126
Consuegra, David. American Type: Design & Designers. New York: Allworth Press, 2004. ISBN: 1581153201 (pbk.)
Consuegra provides one of the most detailed chronologies of type technology and typefaces. Covering 40 pages, the chronology places types in context.
Dodd, Robin. From Gutenberg to OpenType: An Illustrated History of Type From the Earliest Letterforms to the Latest Digital Fonts. Vancouver, WA: Hartley & Marks Publishers, 2006. ISBN: 0881792101 (softcover)
AG, FontShop. 100 Best Typefaces Ever. ed. Rob Carney, Bath, U.K.: Future Publishing Ltd, 2014. ISBN: 074470841432
Loxley, Simon. Type is Beautiful: The Story of Fifty Remarkable Fonts. Oxford, UK: Bodleian Library, Univ. of Oxford, 2016. ISBN: 9781851244317 (hbk.)
Perfect, Christopher, and Jeremy Austen. The Complete Typographer: A Manual for Designing With Type. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall, 1992. ISBN: 0130456675
Rabinowitz, Tova. Exploring Typography. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning, 2006. ISBN: 1401815057 (pbk.) 9781401815059
Tice, Bruce, and Nadine Monem. Font. The Sourcebook. Black Dog Publishing, 2008. ISBN: 1906155410