Composing an Academic Response
- Explicit opinions: What is bluntly stated by the author.
- Statements of fact/truth: What must be assumed to accept the selected facts?
- Any biases or prejudices expressed or implied.
Responding to Opinions
- To what does the expressed opinion relate?
- What is the conflict?
- Why is there a conflict?
- Is it significant? To whom and why?
- Why is this important to respond to?
- For yourself?
- For others?
- Coherent within the context of the original readings
- Unified internally
Structure of a Response
- Summary of readings
- Your assertions and supporting evidence
Evaluating a Response
- Reacts based on knowledge and experience
- Explains limits and implications of the reading
- Informs readers about the significance of the reading
- Extends the meaning of the reading
- Question … possible answers … “best” answer
- Line of argument: Claim … evidence … reasoning … extending audience views
- Line of argument: Claim … counterargument … evidence … reasoning … contradicting audience
- Compare and/or Contrast
- Situation … cause … effect … future consequences
- Phenomenon … possible causes … likely cause … explanation
- Definition of a new concept
- Classification or reclassification of a concept
- Sequence of events
- Details about an item or event